Samba is a very useful tool. It provides file and print services between computers running Microsoft Windows and computers running Linux. It can integrate with a Windows domain too. Samba is a re-implementation of the SMB / CIFS networking protocol. The name Samba comes from SMB (Server Message Block), the name of the standard protocol used by the Microsoft Windows network file system.
The objective of this note is to help with the configuration of a Samba server on a Debian 9 Stretch web server (local development machine).
1) Samba Installation
Install Samba with the command sudo apt-get install samba
For testing it’s handy to install the Samba Client too. Install with sudo apt-get install smbclient .
You can check if the installation was successful by running whereis samba .
The status of the Samba daemon is available with the command systemctl status smbd .
2) Samba configuration & network share
The Samba configuration file is located here /etc/samba/smb.conf . Make a backup of this file first with cp /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf_BK .
You can verify the default configure using the Samba client, run smbclient -L localhost .
Create a new directory for the share mkdir /tmp/testsambashare/ and update the smb.conf file using sudo nano /etc/samba/smb.conf .
At the bottom of the smb.conf file, add the following lines:
[sambashare] comment = Test Samba path = /tmp/testsambashare read only = no browsable = yes
Press CTRL + o to save and CTRL + x to exit from the nano text editor.
Restart Samba to apply the configuration updates with sudo service smbd restart or sudo /etc/init.d/smbd restart or sudo systemctl restart smbd .
Go to a Windows machine, open Explorer and browse the network or type the address of the Debian server in directly like this \\NEPTUNE or by IP address \\10.0.0.58 . You will see the Samba share. Note, NEPTUNE is the name of our Debian server. It has a non routable IP address of 10.0.058. Substitute with your IP address or server name.
3) Samba user accounts
Samba has its own user “password” management system (it doesn’t use the system account password). Existing users must also exist in /etc/passwd . To add a Samba password for an existing user account run sudo smbpasswd -a <username> .
4) Connect to the share from a Windows PC
Go back to your Windows computer. Open up Explorer and connect to the Samba server using \\NEPTUNE or by IP address \\10.0.0.58 . Enter the username and Samba password to connect.